Grammar Syllabus

Make constant use of Reading, Memorizing, and Vocabulary resources, as much as possible, probably after Phase 1.

Phase 1: Foundations

Simultaneously learn:

  1. Handwriting
  2. Typing with the 88-Word Hannon
  3. Dot 1: Starting Phonics

Phase 2: Basic Grammar

Read from the Dot series daily while covering each grammar topic. Each Dot story should be read multiple times.

Dot 2
Verbs (303 Verbs), (Verb Spellings)
Dot 3
Helping Verbs
Yes/No Questions
Capitalize: first word, names
Period & Question mark
Dot 4
Modifiers (adj/adv) (202 Adjectives)
Dot 5
Simple positive-negative statements: Every tense & mood.
Dot 6
Adjectives & Adverbs (Adjective Spellings)
Predicate Nominative/Adjective
Dot 7
Direct Object
Indirect Object
Clauses: One verb each
Dependent Clauses
Dot 8
Pronouns & Demonstratives
Personal Pronouns (Review) (Gramma 0.0 – Introduction)
Reflexive Pronouns (Pronouns)
Relative Pronouns
Dot 9
Interrogative Pronouns
WH Questions (WH Q&A)
WH Clauses (WH – Relative and Interrogative Clauses)
Commas: 3+ item lists, strikable phrases

Phase 3: Noun Case

Noun Case
Noun Case: Nominative, Accusative, Vocative
Noun Case: Genitive, Dative
Noun Case: Ablative, Lative
Noun Case: Locative, Instrumental
Noun Case: Oblique
Genitive Measurables (a bottle of, a cup of, a piece of)

Phase 4: Style & Verbs

Verb Tense & Mood


For ESL:

Remember TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages, AKA ‘English only’) is for conversation and real life practice. This requires a brainstorming/spontaneous-creative mind to recognize ESL-able materials with which to teach by example with any and every object in the situation. TESOL often requires props, AKA “realia”, to fuel conversation. Furniture, near/far locations, clothing, body parts, eating, exercises, demonstrable “Simon Says”, and charades are always available options for TESOL conversation if there are no other nearby items.

Constant TESOL conversation invention is a necessary skill to develop for TESOL to thrive as a culture. TESOL, in different terms, could be described as “Mr. Bean” or the “Swedish Chef” from the Muppets in communication style. Communicate ideas firstly without using words; use repetition both for memory and for students to be able to observe multiple times to help them understand the demonstrated concept.

TEFL, by contrast, views English as the “foreign” language. L1 (native language) can be used in TEFL, not TESOL; TESOL uses only L2 (second language) by definition. Typing, Writing, and Phonics can be used as resource realia for TESOL conversation, but should not be forced inasmuch as students are distracted by TESOL. An example cloud be saying, “Write A,” then writing the letter “A”, doing this multiple times until the student understands. But, the primary purpose of Typing, Writing, and Phonics should be those topics. Insert TESOL repetition and demonstration in as much as it does not distract. Grammar, by contrast, should be demonstrated via TESOL as much as possible, but L2 will be necessary for grammar, if for no other reason than to reflect on the concepts.

Adjective Spellings

Adjectives → Adverbs, Comparatives & Superlatives

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Adj. → Adv. (+ly)

(ADJ) +ly (ADJ) y → i +ly (ADJ) le → ly
bad → badly angry → angrily ample → amply
loud → loudly busy → busily feeble → feebly
smart → smartly happy → happily gentle → gently
quiet → quietly friendly → friendlily simple → simply
slow → slowly noisy → noisily terrible → terribly

Adj. → Comp. (+er)
Only if not using more _

(ADJ) e +r / +er (ADJ) y→i +er (ADJ) DD +er
(short vowel)
quick → quicker sly → slier big → bigger
long → longer happy → happier fat → fatter
slow → slower friendly → friendlier clean → cleaner
nice → nicer messy → messier mean → meaner

Adj. → Supl. (+est)
Only if not using most _

(ADJ) e +st / +est (ADJ) y→i +est (ADJ) DD +est
(short vowel)
quick → quickest sly → sliest big → biggest
long → longest happy → happiest fat → fattest
slow → slowest friendliest → friendliest clean → cleanest
nice → nicest messy → messiest mean → meanest

Verb Spellings

Plural & Tense

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Continuous Present +ing Simple Present +s Simple Past +ed (regular)
(VERB) +ing
(long vowel)
(VERB) +s (VERB) +ed
eat → eating like → likes talk → talked
see → seeing see → sees add → added
walk → walking walk → walks chew → chewed
push → pushing run → runs earn → earned
rain → raining rain → rains fax → faxed
(VERB) e +ing (VERB) {s sh ch x o} +es (VERB) e +d
live → living cross → crosses fence → fenced
bake → baking fish → fishes gaze → gazed
come → coming hatch → hatches name → named
hide → hiding box → boxes pause → paused
write → writing go → goes taste → tasted
(VERB) ie→y +ing (VERB) y→i +es (VERB) y→i +ed
die → dying carry → carries carry → carried
tie → tying study → studies study → studied
lie → lying try → tries try → tried
vie → vying fly → flies fly → flied
belie → belying verify → verifies verify → verified
(VERB) DD +ing
(short vowel)
(VERB) {ay ey oy uy} +s (VERB) DD +ed
(short vowel)
chat → chatting play → plays wrap → wrapped
shop → shopping portray → portrays mop → mopped
stem → stemming obey → obeys chat → chatted
swim → swimming enjoy → enjoys plan → planned
win → winning buy → buys zip → zipped