10-12 Social Terms

World History

assimilation
autocracy
bureaucracy
capitalism
city-state
civilization
Cold War
Communism
conservatism
constitutional government
culture
democracy
dictator
divine rights
dynasty
empire
Enlightenment
facism
feudalism
industrialism
liberalism
naturalism
oligarchy
parliamentary government
propaganda
republic
separation of powers
socialism
sovereignty
technology

US History

abolition
affirmative action
appeasement
capitalism
compromise
conservative
deflation
democratic
dictatorship
emancipation
facism
fundamental rights
immigration
imperalism
inflation
isolationists
liberal
Manifest Destiny
patriotism
propaganda
reactionary thinking
reconstruction
republican
sectionalism
self-determination
separtionists
status quo
suffrage
totalitarian
yellow journalism

US Government

appropriations
bicameral
Bill of Rights
conservative
constituency
constitution
defendant
democracy
diplomacy
due process
equality
executive
federal
foreign policy
government
hegemony
ideology
infrastructure
judicial
jurisdiction
legislature
liberal
liberty
majority
media
minority rights
plaintiff
political party
republic
treaty

Economics

budget
business cycle
capital
collective bargaining
comparative advantage
compound interest
corporation
debt
deficit
demand
economics
entrepreneurship
equilibrium
exchange
fiscal policy
goods
inflation
interest
labor
laissez-faire
market
opportunity cost
partnership
principle
scarcity
stocks
supply
surplus
union
welfare

10-12 Literature Terms

English Lit

allegory
allusion
analogy
anecdote
archetype
assonance
author’s bias
clincher sentence
consonance
context
couplet
denotative meaning
epic
expressive writing
irony
limited point of view
lyric poem
ode
omniscient point of view
onomatopoeia
parable
resume’
rhetorical question
sarcasm
semicolon
soliloquy
stream of consciousness
structural analysis
thesis
thesis statement
universal theme

Senior Lit

acronym
ambience
aesthetic purpose
appeal to authority
aesthetic quality
appeal to emotion
American Psychological As appeal to logic
autobiographical narrative
artifact
belief system
ballad
biographical narrative
bias
circumlocution
coherence
cohesion
credibility
concept
criteria
connotative meaning
debate
direct address
divided quotation
dramatic dialogue
drama-documentary
emotional appeal
external/internal conflict
future perfect verb tense hierarchic structure
hostile audience
interior monologue
internal conflict
Neoclassic literature
literary criticism
pastoral
nuance
proposition of fact speech
proposition of policy speech
past perfect verb tense
proposition of problem speech
proposition of value speech
Romantic period literature
secondary source
temporal change
standard English
text feature
text structure
overstatement
understatement

Style Guides

Main Style Guides

  • The Chicago Manual of Style
  • Modern Language Association
  • The Associated Press Stylebook
United Kingdom Styles
  • The Oxford Style Manual
  • The King’s English
  • Copy-editing: The Cambridge Handbook for Editors, Authors and Publishers

Field-Specific Style Guide Examples

  • ACS Style Guide (American Chemical Society)
  • Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Council of Science Editors)
  • SBL Handbook of Style (Society of Biblical Literature, ancient Near Eastern, biblical, and early Christian studies)
  • American Medical Association Manual of Style
  • American Psychological Association Style Guide
  • American Sociological Association Style Guide

9 Academic Terms

9 Literature

alliteration
analysis
annotated bibliography
author’s purpose
cause and effect relationship
character development
comparison
conflict resolution
contrast
draws conclusions
hyperbole
idiom
indefinite adjective
indefinite pronoun
interrogative pronoun
main idea or essential message
makes inferences
organizational pattern
parody
persuasive devices
plot development
point of view
primary source
propaganda
reference materials
relevant supporting details
satire
setting
synthesis
tone

9 Global Studies

acculturation
apartheid
assimilation
coalition
commodity
deforestation
democracy
diffusion
diversify
economy
entrepreneur
Euro
export
free enterprise
geography
global economy
gross domestic product
gross national product
illiteracy
industralization
infrastructure
innovation
migration
nationalism
natural resource
OPEC
per capita income
population density
recession
representative democracy

9 Science

acceleration
activation energy
Big Bang Theory
centripetal force
circuit
conduction
conservation of energy
conservation of mass
convection
dependent variable
eclipse
electromagnetic
fault
galaxy
hypothesis
independent variable
inertia
matter
momentum
planetary motion
plate tectonics
qualitative
quantitative
rate of reaction
spring tide
theory
thermodynamics
velocity

8 Academic Terms

8 Literature

academic journal
antonym
bibliography
business letter
character development
context clues
draws conclusions
elaboration
figurative language
formal language
informal language
intonation
metaphor
narration
parallel structure
perspective
persuasive text
plagiarism
problem-solution
report
research paper
simile
synthesize
viewpoint

8 US History

abolitionist movement
agrarian
alien
amend
bicameral
boycott
Founding Fathers
citizenship
compromise
debate
secede
democratic forms of gov’t
Declaration of Independence
Emancipation Proclamation
checks and balances
Federalism
justify
legislature
liberty
Marbury v Madison
neutrality
nullify
popular sovereignty
preamble
precedent
prejudice
propaganda
ratify
republic
revolution

8 Math

alternate exterior angles
alternate interior angles
altitude
analyze
approximation
constant
converse
corresponding parts
dependent event
discount
domain (of a function)
extrapolate
function notation
independent event
intercept
linear equations
mark-up
multiplicative inverse
polynomials
predict
prerequisite
property
range (of a function)
relation
segment
sequence
similarity
slope
substitution
transversal

8 Science

atmosphere
carbon cycle
chemical weathering
climate
comet
convection
crust
dependent variable
deposition
erosion
experimental control
fossil fuel
gravitational force
heat transfer
hypothesis
independent variable
law
mantle
mass
meteor
neap tide
ocean basin
planet
plate tectonics
scientific method
sedimentation
seismic wave
spring tide
star
theory
variable
volume
physical weathering

7 Academic Terms

7 Literature

caption
column
columnist
conflict resolution
descriptive language
editorial
fact vs opinion
foreshadowing
interview
italics
journalism
paraphrase
personification
plot development
relevant supporting details
reporter
salutation
sentence combining
stereotype
synonym

7 Social Studies

ally
biodiversity
Black Death
capital
Congress
conquest
consumer
continental divide
crusade
dictatorship
embargo
emperor
empire
ethnicity
feudalism
generation
genocide
hemisphere
interdependence
maritime
mission
monarchy
navigable
parliament
philosophy
president
renaissance
theocracy
trial
tributary

7 Math

adjacent angles
box and whisker plot
coefficient
combinations
counting principle
diagonal
dilation
extreme
factorial
hypotenuse
interest
irrational
like terms
midpoint
percent of change
permutations
powers
principal
Pythagorean theorem
quartile
radical
rational numbers
real numbers
scatter plot
scientific notation
square root
surface area
terminating
tetrahedron
trapezoid

7 Science

acceleration
amplitude
calorie
circuit
conduction
conservation of energy
convection
crest
dependent variable
electromagnetic radiation
electron
entropy
experimental control
force
frequency
hypothesis
independent variable
inertia
law (scientific law)
magnetic field
neutron
pressure
proton
scientific method
speed
theory
thermal energy
trough
variable
velocity
volume
wavelength

6 Academic Terms

6 Literature

author’s purpose
autobiography
biography
cause and effect relationship
climax
closing
comparison
contrast
dialogue
main idea or essential message
organizational patterns
root word
simple word analogies
tone
transition

6 Social Studies

agriculture
ancient
Apartheid
Buddhism
cash crop
Christianity
chronology
circa
civilization
conflict
culture
developing
diplomacy
diversity
domesticate
ethnic group
famine
geography
Hinduism
imperialism
irrigation
Islam
Judaism
monotheism
polytheism
scarce
socioeconomics
sub-continent
subsistence
tolerance

6 Math

absolute value
additive inverse
algebraic equation
algebraic expression
complementary angles
coordinates
elapsed time
equilateral
formula
horizontal
image
improper fraction
integers
linear measurement
mixed numbers
natural numbers
odds
origin
pi
quadrilateral
quadrant
rate
rule
scale drawing
simplify (simplest form)
supplementary angles
vertical
vertical angles
x axis
y axis

6 Science

abiotic
adaptation
allele
asexual reproduction
biodiversity
biotic
cell theory
conservation of energy
dependent variable
dominance
ecosystem
experimental control
gene
heterozygous
homozygous
hypothesis
independent variable
law
mass
meiosis
mitosis
nucleus
punnett square
recessive
scientific method
sexual reproduction
theory
tropism
variable
virus
volume
weight

5 Academic Terms

5 Literature

cause and effect
character development
compare and contrast
conflict resolution
double negative
draw conclusions
make inferences
homophone
main idea
persuasive test
point of view
reference materials
relevant supporting details

5 Social Studies

abolish
amendment
Art. of Confederation
American Revolution
Bill of Rights
Branches of government
checks and balances
Civil War
Confederacy
Congress
Constitution
Declaration of Independence
democracy
economic systems
emancipation
federal
immigrant
Industrial Revolution
loyalist
map scale
Mayflower Compact
Parliament
petition
preamble
primary source
repeal
representative gov’t
republic
supply and demand
tariff

5 Math

algebraic rule
base
break-squiggle
circumference
composite number
coordinate grid
divisible
equation
expression
frequency
function
inequality
interval
labels
likelihood
line segment
mass
pie chart
prime factorization
prime number
radius
ray
scale/scale model
similar figures
square root
stem and leaf plot
tessellation
tree diagram
variable
vertex

5 Science

atom
change of state
compound
conduction
convection
deposition
ecosystem
element
energy pyramid
energy transfer
erosion
gravitation
hypothesis
igneous rock
inertia
invertebrate
kinetic energy
metamorphic rock
nonrenewable resource
photosynthesis
potential energy
radiation
renewable resource
scientific method
sedimentary rock
tissue
topographical map (topography)
variable
vertebrate
weathering

4 Academic Terms

4 Literature

antonym
author’s purpose
chronological order
context clues
draft
homonym
multiple meanings
plot
plot development
settings
summarize
synonym
theme
topic sentence

4 Social Studies

agriculture
artifact
barrier island
boundary
boycott
cash crop
civil rights
climate
colony
compromise
Cracker
cultural heritage
discriminate
executive
export
geopolitical map
governor
import
integration
judicial
latitude
legislature
longitude
map key
peninsula
segregation
slave trade
territory
tourism
treaty

4 Math

acute angle
bar graph
decimal
diameter
direct measure
equilateral triangle
equivalent forms
greatest common factor
improper fraction
indirect measure
mixed number
negative number
non-standard units of measure
obtuse angle
organized data
parallelogram
percent
perpendicular lines
pictograph
plane
prism
quotient
ratio
relative size
rule
similarity
standard units of measure
transformation
unorganized data
vertex

4 Science

atmosphere
chemical change
conservation
constellation
density
deposition
earthquake
fossil
fulcrum
galaxy
hypothesis
igneous rock
inclined plane
lever
magnetic
metamorphic rock
microscopic
physical change
protist
pulley
reflection
refraction
revolution
rotation
scientific method
sedimentary rock
universe
variable
volcano
wheel and axle

3 Academic Terms

3 Literature

appendix
audience
brainstorm
chapter title
consonant substitution
contraction
decode
directions
edit
encyclopedia
essay
fable
fantasy
fiction
glossary
illustration
index
legend
mystery
myth
nonfiction
paragraph
period
prefix
syllable

3 Social Studies

adapt
ancestor
century
citizenship
city
civilization
communication
community
custom
exploration
decade
goods
government
immigrant
income
industry
invention
location
migration
natural resources
region
rural
services
state
suburban
symbol
trade
tradition
urban
vaccine

3 Math

algorithm
area
axes
capacity
closed figure
coordinate
denominator
dividend
divisor
face
factor
flip-reflection
intersection
line graph
mean
median
metric system
multiple
net
numerator
ordered pair
point
probability
product
range
remainder
right angle
rotation-turn
slide-translation
volume

3 Science

adaptation
axis
carnivore
community
condensation
consumer
decomposer
ecosystem
environment
equator
erosion
evaporation
experiment
herbivore
investigation
kinetic energy
magnetism (magnetic)
mixture
nonrenewable resource
population
potential energy
producer
renewable resource
revolution
rotation
solar system
solution
system
water cycle
weathering

2 Academic Terms

2 Literature

chapter character
composition
comprehension
discussion
fairy tale
folktale
main character
main idea
map
number word
periodical
prewriting
publish
purpose
main question
reread
retell
series
spelling pattern
symbol
table of contents
textbook
vocabulary

2 Social Studies

barter
colonist
compass rose
conservation
consumer
courage
crop
desert
equator
explorer
factory
festival
generation
governor
honesty
income
independence
island
landform
landmark
mayor
monument
Native American
Orlando
Pilgrim
pioneer
producer
settler
technology
valley
2-Dimensional
3-Dimensional

2 Math

angle
array
centimeter
clockwise
cone
congruent
cube
customary unit
data
digit
doubles fact
dozen
edge
estimation
expanded notation
fact family
line segment
maximum
minimum
mode
multiplication
numeral
operations
parallel
perimeter
polygon
sphere
symmetry

2 Science

amphibian
attract
axis
bird
consumer
energy
environment
experiment
fish
food web
force
friction
gravity
life cycle
mammal
mass
matter
mixture
moon phase
motion
pollution
predator
prey
producer
reflect
repel
reptile
rotation
solar system
vibrate

1 Academic Terms

1 Literature

author
letter-sound relationship
beginning consonant
ending consonant
blend
consonant blend
dictionary
margin
parts of a book
poem
print
rhyme
syllable
title
title page
vowel combination
vowel sound

1 Social Studies

budget
capital
citizen
continent
country
earn
freedom
folktale
geography
history
inventor
law
market
needs
ocean
opportunity
patriotic symbols
plain
population
recycle
region
resource
river
shelter
trade
transportation
volunteer
vote
wants
world

1 Math

addend
addition
a.m.
analog
attribute
celsius
chart
cylinder
decrease
degree
digital
even number
Fahrenheit
fraction
height
increase
length
line
number line
odd number
order
place value
p.m.
side
subtraction
sum
table
tally
timeline
weight

1 Science

balance
energy
evaporation
food chain
force
gas
gravity
habitat
heat
life cycle
light
liquid
living
mass
matter
nonliving
planet
predict
recycle
resource
rock
season
shadow
soil
solid
sound
speed
temperature
vibrate
volume

K Academic Terms

K Literature

alphabet
back cover
book
cover
date
first name
last name
front cover
letter
magazine
movie
newspaper

K Social Studies

calendar
chore
communicate
community
fairness
flag
globe
group
hero
holiday
job
lake
language
leader
map
money
mountain
neighborhood
pictograph
president
rule
safety
season
symbol
tool
transportation
weather

K Math

above
balance
behind
below
between
calendar
cent
circle
clock
coin
corner
counting
dime
equal
graph
inside
minute
near
nickel
number
parttern
penny
rectangle
shape
square
triangle
week
whole
zero

K Science

air
alike
animal
day
different
Earth
energy
gas
heat
light
liquid
living
magnet
matter
moon
night
nonliving
observe
plant
pulling
pushing
seed
shadow
sky
solid
sound
star
sun
thermometer
weather