Adjective Spellings

Adjectives → Adverbs, Comparatives & Superlatives

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Adj. → Adv. (+ly)

(ADJ) +ly (ADJ) y → i +ly (ADJ) le → ly
bad → badly angry → angrily ample → amply
loud → loudly busy → busily feeble → feebly
smart → smartly happy → happily gentle → gently
quiet → quietly friendly → friendlily simple → simply
slow → slowly noisy → noisily terrible → terribly

Adj. → Comp. (+er)
Only if not using more _

(ADJ) e +r / +er (ADJ) y→i +er (ADJ) DD +er
(short vowel)
quick → quicker sly → slier big → bigger
long → longer happy → happier fat → fatter
slow → slower friendly → friendlier clean → cleaner
nice → nicer messy → messier mean → meaner

Adj. → Supl. (+est)
Only if not using most _

(ADJ) e +st / +est (ADJ) y→i +est (ADJ) DD +est
(short vowel)
quick → quickest sly → sliest big → biggest
long → longest happy → happiest fat → fattest
slow → slowest friendliest → friendliest clean → cleanest
nice → nicest messy → messiest mean → meanest

Verb Spellings

Plural & Tense

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Continuous Present +ing Simple Present +s Simple Past +ed (regular)
(VERB) +ing
(long vowel)
(VERB) +s (VERB) +ed
eat → eating like → likes talk → talked
see → seeing see → sees add → added
walk → walking walk → walks chew → chewed
push → pushing run → runs earn → earned
rain → raining rain → rains fax → faxed
(VERB) e +ing (VERB) {s sh ch x o} +es (VERB) e +d
live → living cross → crosses fence → fenced
bake → baking fish → fishes gaze → gazed
come → coming hatch → hatches name → named
hide → hiding box → boxes pause → paused
write → writing go → goes taste → tasted
(VERB) ie→y +ing (VERB) y→i +es (VERB) y→i +ed
die → dying carry → carries carry → carried
tie → tying study → studies study → studied
lie → lying try → tries try → tried
vie → vying fly → flies fly → flied
belie → belying verify → verifies verify → verified
(VERB) DD +ing
(short vowel)
(VERB) {ay ey oy uy} +s (VERB) DD +ed
(short vowel)
chat → chatting play → plays wrap → wrapped
shop → shopping portray → portrays mop → mopped
stem → stemming obey → obeys chat → chatted
swim → swimming enjoy → enjoys plan → planned
win → winning buy → buys zip → zipped

Countries, Mountains, Waters & Islands

North America

Canada, United States, Greenland, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

Sierra Nevada, Cascade Mountains, Rocky Mountains, Alaska Range, Appalachian Mountains, Puget Sound, Hudson Bay, Northwest Passages, Baffin Bay, Labrador Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Cape Cod, Boston Harbor, Carribean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of California, Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, Niagara Falls, Great Salt Lake, Lake Okeechobee, Mississippi River

South America

Andean Mountains, Columbia, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Venezuela, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana

Western Europe

Alps, France, Germany, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Great Britain, Ireland, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Monaco, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Netherlands, Denmark, Iceland, Luxembourg, Belgium

Cyrillic Europe

Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Serbia, Czech, Slovakia, Hungary, Austria, Poland, Russia, Romania, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Bulgaria, Croatia

Middle East

Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran

Central Asia

Karakoram Mountains, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

Bosphorus Strait, Dardanelles Strait, Caucasus Mountains, Ural Mountains, Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Ural River

Chinese Empire, Southeast Asia & Australia

Himalayas, Kunlun Mountains, Great Dividing Range, Mongolia, Tibet, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand

Africa

Atlas Mountains, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Share, Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Congo, Cameroon, Gabon, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland

American Islands

Bermuda, Caribbean Sea, The Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands, Anguilla, St. Kitts & Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Monsterrat, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, Aruba, Curaçao, Falkland Islands, Galapagos Islands

Expert

quixotic
aberrant
vouchsafe
accretion
extraneous
polemically
amorphous
inimical
contravene
ostensibly
truculent
consonant
permutation
carom
consummate
foible
amenable
genuflections
lechery
bequeathed
clairvoyant
propensity
precarious
émigré
fomenting
prudish
lascivious
repast
cravenness
vistas
repartee
insatiable
regicide
victuals
arduous
haranguing
banal
opulence
reticent
vagaries
odious
rancor
ingratiate
taciturnity
titillate
duplicity
notoriety
aloof
veneration
adroitly
pyrrhic
explicate
visceral
perfidy
gregarious
obsequious
belie
niggling
gadfly
importunities
invective
petulance
nolens volens
impugning
largesse
avarice
remonstrated
laurels
dote
regaled
cajoled
attune
visceral
austerity
zeitgeist
tenuous
hubris
demagogues
pungent
iconoclastic
verisimilitude
verisimilitudinal
verisimilitudinous
hemorrhaging
stalwart
perspicacious
emoluments
subjugated
precipitous
sagacious
vacuities
vicarious
sorties
fissures
arbiter
deferential
feign
perturb
incontrovertible
perspicuous
amorphous
plight
promenades
debutantes
communiqué
salaam
feted
opulence
convalesced
cloying
muse
dole
assuage
cantos
boudoir
racy
wile
tryst/trysts
nefarious
tepid
ardor
decadent
inveterately
virility
exuded
lithe
stricture
ardent
libido
abysmal
titillate
amour
dolt
stodgy
luster
plebiscites
rubric
albeit
ineffectualness
fatuousness
ailing
bespeak
educe
exigencies
nascent
writ
tantamount
pathology
proscription
compendiums
belied
capricious
rescinded
idiosyncratically
repository
preeminence
delimits
opine
vilipend
pecksniffian
onerous
terse
monolithic
impetuous
myopia
cavalierly
obviate
prognostication
veneration
bloviate
relegate
lugubrious
popinjay
riposte
confabulation
trenchant
lackluster
pernicious
bereft
auspices
daunted
abate
formidable
punitive
woolgathering
proxy
motley
precarious
ephemeral
détente
pundit
servile
skyey
baseness
virtuoso
partied
egregiously
reconnoiter
respite
anachronism
throes
disaggregate
cloistered
fiefdom
exude
terse
assuage
recalcitrance
deft
repartee
daubed
apparitions
temerity
besought
slipshod
stoical
flout
impending
tumult
axiom
disquiet
ruse
equanimity
inauspicious
tangential
inimical
modicum
beneficent
magnanimous
reverie
elucidates (verb)
betwixt
fratricide
prattle
despondent
aspirants
russet
acolytes
abject
harangue
grenadiers
ornate
façade
vestibule
effusive
decadence
feckless
ignominious
armistice
bivouacked
exact (verb)
impunity
fledging
gait
egregious
chagrin
cowed
coterie
insidious
self-aggrandizement
deft
proxy
indemnification
adroit
attrition
alluring
inviolable
impudent
impertinent
bellicose
redound
ostensibly
conflate
amicable
titular
equidistant
dutifully
vagrancies
vagaries
immanent
eminent
province
providence
clairvoyance
ephemeral
obsequious
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repartee
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blinkered
vitriolic
apparition
furtive
misogyny
ancillaries
ardent
fervor
affable
apropos
egregious
chagrined
insatiable
resplendent
vexing
obfuscating
diurnal
glib
penchant
confluence
vicissitude
recalcitrance
addled
exemplar
relegate
repudiation
tawdry
nefarious
bellicose
prurient
ancillary
panoply
laudation
excoriate
mealy-mouthed
accede
shambolic
deracination
junket
brouhaha
conflate
coterie
intransigence
sortie
caveat
threadbare
louche
banal
redound
sesquipedalian

Intermediate

I

I-1
nervous
pound
communicate
communication
hall
medal
costume
role
drama
dramatic
wonder
chat
principal
schedule
personal
belongings
confused
confuse
confusion
suddenly
sudden
seem
obvious
reply
interrupt
interruption
plenty
plentiful
remind

I-2
forgiveness
forgive
deliver
delivery
community
roll
edge
shoot
smooth
grasp
slip
crash
frighten
escape
guilty
guilt
greet
greeting
comfortable
comfort
calculate
calculation
repair
creep
relieved
relieve
relief
straight
return
receive
discover
discovery

I-3
invent
invention
inventor
saying
necessary
solution
solve
explanation
create
creator
creation
mechanic
mechanical
design
designer
automatic
automatically
control
device
represent
representative
exhibition
exhibit
international
brilliant
successful
success
succeed
result
failed
fail
failure
experiment
experimental
chemical
expectation
expect
disappointed
disappoint
disappointment
instead
convince
frustrate
frustration
damage
spread

I-4
colorful
desire
desirable
diet
mood
influential
influence
imagine
image
imagination
describe
description
ordinary
besides
apply
application
daily
attract
attraction
indicate
indication
war\ning
warn
affect
appetite
probably
probable
environment
environmental
decorate
decoration
increase
decrease
natural
nature
raise
spirit
spiritual
spoil
aware
routine

I-5
recipe
friendship
friendly
chef
satisfying
satisfy
pour
similar
similarly
mix
compliment
support
trust
hug
encourage
encouragement
properly
proper
poem
poet
poetry
effort
tasty
require
requirement
ingredient
fond
stove
therefore
worth

I-6
local
nod
frown
throughout
gesture
vary
various
variety
positive
traveler
travel
culture
express
expression
expressive
approval
approve
tilt
disagreement
disagree
agreement
agree
threat
threaten
offer
pslm
insulting
insult
criminal
punishment
punish
tradition
traditional
impolite
polite
outward
rescue
negative
realize
dessert

I-7
item
perform
crisp
absorb
moisture
method
powder
impress
impressive
impression
stain
remove
bare
stubborn
effectively
effective
effect
gently
gentle
amazingly
amazing
amaze
amazement
situation
squeese
rub
gradually
gradual
secret
substance
content
contents
laboratory

I-8
located
locate
thrive
nearby
legend
generation
century
seriously
serious
decrease
increase
volunteer
destroy
destruction
tear
fierce
foolish
fool
greed
greedy
empty
hunger
shocked
shock
shocking
embarrassed
embarrass
embarrassment
elder
elderly
decision
avoid
extinct
extinction
harmony
resource

I-9
diary
engaged
engage
engagement
scream
immediately
immediate
familiar
origin
original
custom
customary
evil
attend
ceremony
superstition
superstitious
belief
event
prevent
prevention
related
relate
relation
regard
regarding
scientific
scientist
scientifically
proof
prove
actually
actual
tend
tendency
associate
association
sneeze
nowadays
artificial
predict

I-10
virtue
honesty
honest
fellow
policy
error
admit
admission
deceive
irresponsible
responsible
responsibility
involved
involve
involvement
manage
management
recently
recent
project
reveal
confident
confidence
confidential
consequence
convenient
convenience
contrast
consider
consideration
reaction
react
maintain
maintenance
protective
protect
protection
circumstance
circumstantial
circumstances
harm
harmful
determined
determination
specific
motive
motivate
motivation
motivational
expose

I-11
ability
heal
percent
percentage
emotion
emotional
mental
mentally
attitude
weaken
focus
response
respond
responsive
laughter
claim
relax
relaxation
muscle
complicated
complicate
equipment
equip
afterward
provide
rate
normal
norm
internal
production
produce
product
producer
production
comedy
comedian
include
including
pain
painful
reduction
reduce

I-12
enthusiastic
enthusiasm
concept
colony
colonial
politician
politics
political
rural
society
social
remain
litter
trail
achievement
achieve
valuable
value
moreover
degree
sort
funds
fund
funding
worthless
gain
advantage
handle
career
pursue
pursuit
benefit
beneficial
absolute
absolutely
explore

II

II-1
characteristic
character
clumsy
loyalty
loyal
violence
violent
cruelty
cruel
authority
likewise
choice
journalist
journalism
customer
mall
nerd
useless
apparently
apparent
fortune
outstanding
appreciate
appreciation
appreciative
audience
insect
coward
dare
diligence
diligent
additionally
additional
addition
flock
spot
indeed

II-2
apologize
apology
delay
continue
continuously
continual
ignore
furious
crush
separate
separation
download
dependence
technological
technology
luxury
luxurious
addict
addiction
psychological
psychology
psychologist
term
isolated
isolate
isolation
access
contact
emergency
promptly
prompt
suffer
frequently
frequent
message
messenger
insist
clever
concentrate
concentration

II-3
praise
touch
overcome
pile
childhood
lung
infection
infect
theme
vehicle
military
vessel
typical
reflect
reflection
reality
realistic
wicked
progress
progressive
progression
tense
tension
complex
complexity
unique
critic
criticize
critical
alike
feature
imaginative
imaginary
awe

II-4
tip
improve
improvement
memory
memorize
develop
development
information
inform
informative
assist
assistance
assistant
goal
particular
active
activity
challenge
challenger
challenging
input
brain
recognize
recognition
arrange
arrangement
phrase
process
mention
organize
organization
recall
occasion
occasional
occasionally
musical
instrument
strength
strengthen
connect
connection
concern
concerning

II-5
blame
mess
tremble
rage
nag
stress
stressful
stressed
silence
channel
complain
complaint
expert
frank
frankly
theory
theorize
theoretical
clip
humorous
humorously
gender
scan
sex
sexual
quarrel
unconscious
unconsciously
conscious
consciously
surf
tidy
strike
fortunate
fortunately
attempt
gap

II-6
roast
accept
acceptable
acceptance
issue
factor
major
geography
geographical
essential
essentially
essence
contain
container
gather
gathering
ancient
wealth
wealthy
satisfaction
satisfactory
insure
insurance
prosper
prosperous
prosperity
crop
flourish
climate
average
temperature
classic
classical
staple
adapt
understand
understandable
understanding
opportunity
opportunistic
opportunist

II-7
press
freedom
democracy
democratic
democrat
republic
republican
significant
significance
govern
government
individual
individuality
liberty
publish
publisher
detail
details
private
privacy
illustrate
illustration
poverty
struggle
pregnant
pregnancy
impregnate
urgent
economy
economic
nonetheless
fame
famous
overnight
sum
exclusive
manufacture
manufacturer
manufacturing
advertise
advertisement
discuss
discussion
possibility
curious
curiosity
gossip
gossipy
resident

II-8
lean
annoy
rough
roughly
roar
awake
haunt
pride
suppress
conscience
mature
maturity
incident
cabinet
remedy
calm
upset
soothe
scrape
drift
hesitate
hesitant
hesitantly
hesitation
grateful
gratefully
ungrateful
ungratefully
regret
regretful
regretfully
volunteer
voluntarily
involuntary
involuntarily
seize

II-9
portray
portrait
melt
drown
pollution
pollute
amount
population
rapid
rapidly
victim
fatal
discharge
atmosphere
fuel
region
region
coast
coastal
severe
continent
continental
property
estimate
billion
fertile
fertilizer
fertility
barren
desert
expand
expansion
starve
starvation
horror
horrible
fur
furry
shortage
tragic
tragedy

II-10
envy
enviable
envious
opinion
official
sample
headquarters
appearance
texture
flavor
discipline
thorough
thoroughly
preparation
attractive
skip
plastic
mental
regular
dull
swallow
introduce
introduction
lick
convey
ideal
balance
spit
sacrifice
sacrificial
sacrificially
skinny

II-11
alternate
alternative
alternatively
delight
delightful
numerous
research
researcher
impact
grab
ridiculous
inspire
inspiring
inspiration
inspirational
amuse
amusing
amusement
visual
conclude
conclusion
employ
employee
employer
employment
skill
skillful
skillfully
considerable
entertain
entertainment
entire
entirely
tolerate
tolerant
tolerance
bulb
nevertheless
willing
willingness
accomplish
accomplishment
desperate
desperately
found
founder
foundation
sign
signify

II-12
element
elemental
appeal
appealing
majority
novel
novelist
title
incredible
grave
fascinate
creature
contrary
monster
monstrous
alarm
alarmed
alarming
flee
flight
horror
horrify
wander
hatred
murder
murderer
being
depress
depression
depressing
otherwise
misery
miserable
request
promise
revenge
misfortune
appear
disappear

III

III-1
chain
batter
battered
closure
chill
chilling
chilly
dim
dimly
strand
approach
rob
robber
robbery
freeze
freezing
flat
aid
trunk
owe
reward
repay
content
contentment
shabby towel
erase
thoughtful
slide
blur
vision
due
whisper

III-2
mutual
background
definite
definitely
crucial
file
virtual
clue
flesh
howl
commit
suicide
bully
meanwhile
delete
account
switch
site
nasty
remark
remarkable
abuse
abusive
torture
comment
efficient
efficiency
agent
agency
violate
violation

III-3
procrastinate
procrastination
procrastinator
extreme
extremely
extremity
practical
acquire
acquisition
statistics
statistical
university
define
definition
chronic
persist
persistent
persistently
assign
assignment
further
overwhelm

III-4
romance
romantic
odds
pressure
pretend
pretentious
optimistic
optimism
pessimistic
pessimism
cinema
awful
gallery
energy
energetic
carefree
lively
awkward
arrogant
arrogance
insecure
secure
security
sympathy
sympathetic
sympathize
yawn
advise
advice
advisable
demand
flow
steady
slight
previous
previously
respect
respectful
sincere
sincerity

III-5
dispute
launch
immortal
mortal
quote
kidnap
declare
passion
passionate
jealous
jealousy
myth
mythology
conflict
erupt
eruption
refuse
refusal
judge
judgment
judgmental
command
bribe
bribery
wisdom
eventual
eventually
fulfill
fulfillment
ally
allied
alliance
conquer
conquerer
conquest
cunning
hollow
haul
feast
rejoice
attack

III-6
destine
destiny
destined
destination
somewhat
behave
behavior
offend
offense
offensive
fundamental
fundamentals
fundamentally
verbal
verbally
upward
journey
gratitude
religion
religious
sacred
precaution
caution
cautions
conservative
conservatively
liberal
liberally
sensitive
rash
rashly
display
affection
affectionate
enormous
enormously
appropriate
inappropriate
funeral
fantastic
genuine
genuinely
reverse
reversal

III-7
identify
identity
identification
vital
survey
conduct
prefer
preferrable
preference
commerce
commercial
celebrity
endorse
endorsement
ambassador
suitable
suitability
refresh
refreshment
refreshments
irony
ironic
ironically
contribute
contribution
establish
establish
signal
purchase
enable
origin
original
originally
originality
phenomenon
evident
evidence
tremendous
version
garment
exceed
logo

III-8
memory
memorable
memorize
promient
moderate
moderately
rent
rental
furnish
furnish
furniture
tender
tenderly
oblige
obligation
crack
progress
progressive
progressively
mock
mocking
ridicule
deny
denial
terror
wings
vague
accompany
orchestra
pause
announce
announcement
explode
explosion
explosive
anxious
anxiously
anxiety
imitate
imitation
deafen
deafening
applaud
applause

III-9
scar
scarring
objective
observe
observation
observatory
physical
defect
participate
participant
participation
sticky
stick
clinic
peep
peeping
assume
assumption
inevitable
inevitably
inferior
inferiority
bound
boundary
confront
confrontation
crisis
bruise
ego
hence
limb
intend
intent
intention
beam
despite
deficient
deficiency
embrace
mere
pimple
steer

III-10
tour
tourism
tourist
carve
confine
inspect
inspection
inspector
ruin
ruins
grave
march
tramp
tomb
delicate
scratch
treasure
remote
industry
industrial
industrialize
neighborhood
landscape
coastline
reserve
reserved
reservation
preserve
preservation
entry
permit
permission
section
disturb
disturbed
disturbance
undisturbed
measure
restore
restoration
conserve
conservation
moral
morality
privilege

III-11
species
plot
organism
structure
structural
fossil
decade
survive
survival
survivor
advance
advanced
rate
native
perish
revive
revival
accurate
accurately
accuracy
forecast
disaster
disastrous
migrate
migrant
migration
flap
vanish
mass
massive
scale
habitat
consume
consumption
consumer
wildlife
poach
poaching
poacher
proceed

III-12
arrest
petty
jail
exhaust
exhausted
accommodate
accommodation
suspect
suspicion
suspicious
inquire
inquiry
inquisition
inquisitive
convict
conviction
humble
humiliate
humiliation
exchange
release
shiver
pity
dine
precious
shelter
stun
stunned
stunning
possess
possession
deserve
solemn
solemnly
roam
dread
dreadful
dreadfully
brood
brooding
gloom
gloomy
somehow

IV

IV-1
disease
potentially
potential
excessive
excess
label
alert
nutrient
pedistrian
respectively
respective
quantity
overall
devour
aspect
instantly
instant
furthermore
universally
barrier
currently
opposition
oppose
figure
advocate
counter
core
interpret
interpretation

IV-2
enroll
campus
imprison
dizzy
pace
competitive
competition
compete
competitor
constant
academic
standard
obtain
phase
attain
attainment
simplify
simplicity
compromise
dependent
suppose
catastrophe
justified
justify
repress
reject
rejection
cherish
recommend
recommendation
professional
profession
sheer
ecstasy
covet
joyful
lifetime

IV-3
preach
raid
slavery
slave
shelperd
captivity
captive
perilous
peril
bound
priesthood
priest
convert
labor
modesty
modest
magnetic
magnet
mission
missionary
retire
retirement
commemorate
surround
surroundings
sermon
entity
adopt
icon
holy
evolve
evolution
parade
pinch
immigrant
immigrate
immigration
humanity

IV-4
tug
sleeve
plantation
inject
injection
pest
boost
harvest
reload
load
barrel
spray
infertility
infertile
disclose
disclosure
ban
register
registration
export
yield
decline
poison
poisonous
staff
reluctant
exposure
bubble
disregard
illuminating
illuminate
innocent
innocence
compel
campaign

IV-5
dumb
surgery
restrict
restriction
heel
undergo
astonish
astonishing
astonishment
operate
operation
drill
insert
rod
guarantee
endanger
cripple
crippling
contemporary
hazard
perceive
pale
tan
pill
injury
injure
injurious
contract
itch
itchy
reasonable
cheerful
exclude
excluding
exclusive
multiple

IV-6
racism
racist
occupy
occupation
badge
readily
conceal
concealment
duration
pastime
namely
wage
monotony
monotonous
giggle
giggly
brutal
backpack
backpacking
snatch
seal
sealed
dread
dreaadful
sow
slaughter
gnaw
lessen
throng
sober
soberly
sobriety
betray
capture
sole

IV-7
diverse
diversify
diversification
prediction
qualify
qualification
reproduce
available
availability
unavailable
abrupt
abruptly
arise
arisen
exaggerate
exaggeration
utmost
steep
agriculture
agricultural
pesticide
herbicide
propose
proposal
feasible
feasibility
grain
attach
attachment
acute
ecology
ecosystem
form
formation
elaborate
network
sustain
sustainability
famine
migrate
migrant
emigrant
emigrate
emigration
immigration
resist
resistant
resistance
retain
offspring

IV-8
suburb
suburban
dense
density
cram
crammed
boom
weave
primary
vast
errand
withdraw
withdrew
deposit
withdrawl
install
installation
range
cuisine
strategy
strategic
translate
translator
translation
document
documentary
gum
gummy
counter
reliable
supply
supplies
supplier
stack
combine
combination
promote
promotion
tempt
temptation
stimulate
stimulation
minimum
minimize
maximum
maximize
profit
profitable
profitability

IV-9
ski
skiing
leather
kit
vocal
immense
immensely
mislead
classify
classification
stereotype
stereotypical
identical
series
serial
neglect
neglected
neglectful
adolescent
adolescence
manner
manners
sloppy
publication
ethical
ethics
unethical
merchant
distort
distortion
basis
nationality
orient
orientation
prejudice
acknowledge
acknowledgement
monopoly
peculiar
accent
glamour
paste

IV-10
stare
vote
elect
election
trample
vein
quiver
breath
breathe
breathing
glare
troublesome
strangle
animate
inanimate
paralyze
paralyze
frantic
frantically
despair
obstacle
hush
hushed
electronic
electronics
solo
surge
vibrate
vibration
vibe
burst
dose
realize
realization
glow
comprehend
comprehension
bold
boldness

VI-11
substance
substantial
substantially
substantiate
universe
span
lifespan
collapse
compose
composition
chunk
particle
particular
dust
dusty
stray
atom
atomic
mystery
mysterious
realm
astronomy
astronomic
astronomer
volume
gleam
bounce
triple
plunge
bizarre
permanent
detain
detention
strand
shadow
emerge
dimension

IV-12
source
assassin
assassinate
ascend
throne
enthrone
according
accordingly
vow
stepfather
stepmother
contemplate
contemplation
contemplative
burden
agony
hasty
haste
crown
endure
endurance
tourment
tolerate
tolerable
intolerable
profound
advice
advise
adviser
construct
construction
constructive
heed
intimate
intimacy
prudent
royal
royalty
status
diplomat
diplomatic
diplomacy
magnificent
literature

Days, Months, Numbers, Shapes, Measures

Days

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Months

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Numbers

Zero

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

Eleven

Twelve

Thirteen

Fourteen

Fifteen

Sixteen

Seventeen

Eighteen

Ninteen

Twenty

Thirty

Forty

Fifty

Sixty

Seventy

Eighty

Ninty

Hundred

Thousand

Million

Billion

Trillion

Quadrillion

Qintillion

Hexillion

Heptillion

Octillion

Nonillion

Decillion

Ordinals

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Sixth

Seventh

Eighth

Ninth

Tenth

Eleventh

Twelfth

Thirteenth

Fourteenth

Sixteenth

Seventeenth

Eighteenth

Nineteenth

Twentieth

Thirtieth

Fortieth

Fiftieth

Sixtieth

Seventieth

Eightieth

Ninetieth

Hundredth

Thousandth

Millionth

Billionth

Trillionth

Quadrillionth

Qintillionth

Hexillionth

Heptillionth

Octillionth

Nonillionth

Decillionth

Priorities

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Quaternary

Quinary

Senary

Septenary

Octonary

Nonary

Denary

Lundenary *&

Duodenary

Shapes

Circle

Oval

Square

Rhombus

Diamond

Parallelogram

Triangle

Rectangle

Pentagon

Hexagon

Heptagon

Octagon

Nonagon

Decagon

Star

Heart

Club

Spaid

Arrow

Line

Plane

Cube

Pyramid

Cylinder

Cone

Sphere

Years

Decade

Score

Century

Millennium

Billennium

Quarterly

Semiannual

Seasonal

Perennial

Annual

Biannual

Centennial

Bicentennial

Tricentennial

Millennial

Billennial

Trillennial

English Measures

ounce – oz

pound – lb = 16 oz

ton = 2,000 lb

teaspoon – t

Tablespoon – T = 3 t

Cup – C = 16 T | 8 oz

pint – pt = 16 oz | 2 C

quart – qt = 32 oz | 4 C | 2 pt

gallon – gal = 128 oz | 16 C | 8 pt | 4 qt

inch – in ”

foot – ft ‘ = 12 in

yard – yd = 3 ft | 36 in

mile = 1,760 yd | 5,280 ft

Metric Measures

gram

liter

meter

Metric Prefixes
exa- E 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 1018
peta- P 1,000,000,000,000,000 1015
tera- T 1,000,000,000,000 1012
giga- G 1,000,000,000 109
mega- M 1,000,000 106
kilo- k 1,000 103
hecto- h 100 102
deca- da 10 101
gram
liter
meter
g
l
m
1 100
deci- d 0.1 10−1
centi- c 0.01 10−2
milli- m 0.001 10−3
micro- μ 0.000001 10−6
nano- n 0.000000001 10−9
pico- p 0.000000000001 10−12
femto- f 0.000000000000001 10−15
atto- a 0.000000000000000001 10−18

*& Notes on “lundenary”

There is no priority number for eleven. “Lundenary” is an invention of PinkWrite to fill this gap, built on the word “lunar” from “moon”, based on the idea of “the solo in orbit”. On research, the word appeared in all lowercase as a misspelling of “Londonderry” in an 1833 letter to Ireland, purportedly concerning one’s own whereabouts, a schoolmaster. In circumstance, the word is all too fitting, misspelled from a missing schoolmaster filling a gap for a word that never existed because it was never used. The “u” is long.

Reference: What comes after primary, secondary, tertiary?

The sequence continues with quaternary, quinary, senary, septenary, octonary, nonary, and denary, although most of these terms are rarely used. There’s no word relating to the number eleven but there is one that relates to the number twelve: duodenary.

88 Typing Words

Doc on Google Drive | Simple HTML | 88-Word Hanon App | GitHub
Keyboard vectors on Google Drive: PDF | SVG | SVG-TEXT

The 88-Word Hanon App  is a perfect place to begin! This app’s typing area disables drag-and-drop, cut, paste, and auto-word-completion so that students can’t cheat! Copy is still enabled so students can keep a record of their progress.

Typing Keyboard Finger Chart

Keyboard is a technique, whether typing or playing piano.

Firstly, practice these using correct fingers:

  1. asdfjkl;
  2. qweruiop
  3. zxcvm,./
  4. asdfghjkl;’
  5. qwertyuiop[]\
  6. zxcvbnm,./
  7. `1234567890-=

Then, practice these 88 words, in order, about 50 times each…

To keep improving typing, do numbers zero through twenty, then colors, then other basic vocabulary, then short sentences. After all that, you can be very good at “sight typing”.
Continue reading “88 Typing Words”

Basic Topics

Food

cook
bread
cake
pie
noodles
pasta
eggs
meat
milk
cheese
oil
chocolate
chips
cookies
crackers
treats
snacks
muffin
rolls
biscuit
cupcake
brownies
bagel
biscotti
French fries
sandwich
hamburger
salad
meatloaf
breakfast
lunch
super
dinner
snack
fruit juice
soda pop
tea
coffee
wine
beer

Outdoors

snow
rain
wind
sunny
cloudy
tornado
hurricane
hail
ice
freeze
thaw
hot
cold
earthquake
sand
mud
dirt
dust
mountain
river
lake
sea
ocean
valley
plain
field
park
sidewalk
fresh air
camping
campfire
barbecue
picnick

Animals

cow
donkey
horse
rabbit
deer
kangaroo
bear
wolf
chipmunk
squirrel
dog
fox
cat
mouse
eagle
parrot
crow
duck
swan
goose
chicken
turkey
sheep
goat

Clothes

hat
gloves
scarf
coat
trench coat
rain coat
umbrella
shirt
pants
shorts
underwear
vest
sweater
sweat shirt
sweat pants
sweat suit
jogging suit
boots
shoes
sandles
slippers
swimming suit
suit
dress
skirt
blouse
hood
hoodie
fedora
flat cap
fedora
polo shirt
dress shirt
T-shirt
tank top
muscle shirt
blazer
tuxedo
cufflinks
necklace
bracelet
earring

Home

house
garage
workshop
window
door
screen
wall
floor
ceiling
kitchen
bathroom
living room
bedroom
window
door
garbage
trash can
clean
wash
rinse
mob
broom
washcloth
sink
shower
bath
soap
toilet
toothbrush
towel
curtain
bed
blanket
pillow
bed sheets
table
chair
bench
knife
fork
spoon
plate
cup
bowl
water glass
bottle
cutting board
rolling pin
toaster
blender
stove
oven
fry pan
wok
pot
kettle
baking sheet
crock pot
coffee maker
dish washer
refrigerator
freezer
cellar
pantry
cupboard
counter top
cabinet
closet
toybox
chest
wardrobe
vanity
coat rack
stand
sofa
couch
love seat
coffee table
footstool
ottoman
recliner

Office & School

desk
computer
phone
tablet
printer
clock
watch
memo
note
pencil
pen
ink
eraser
glue
paper clip
stapler
rubber band
sharpen
dull
shavings
shred
ruler
protractor
compass
classroom
pencil holder
calendar
pin board
thumb tack
desk lamp
board room
whiteboard
blackboard
conference table
manager
supervisor
teacher
principal
team & teammates
classmates
employee
student
project
assignment
study
work
learn
correct
edit
fix
repair
update
upgrade
install
enroll
graduate
finish
late
on time
communicate
network
energy
electricity
announcement
speakers
PA system (public announcement)
public
private
corporation
company
school district
industrial park
factory
building
commerce
money
market

Roads

car
truck
motorcycle
semi truck
pickup truck
sport car
sedan
coup
scooter
dirt bike
bicycle
BMX bike
skates
skateboard
helmet
seat belt
air bag
crash
collision
fender bender
ticket
parking lot
speed limit
lane
highway
onramp
expressway
freeway
toll road
bridge
overpass
underpass
train tracks
railroad
train station
bus
stop
yield
distance
limousine
chauffeur
driver
taxi
tour guide
travel

Farm & Garden

barn
tractor
trailer
crops
harvest
irrigation
pesticide
herbicide
weed-killer
fertilizer
lawn mower
bumper crop
hay loft
straw
alfalfa
pasture
horse fence
gate
work gloves
planting
watering
weeding
trimming
trowel
plow
hoe
rake
shovel
pruning shears
hedge trimmer
watering can
hose
hose butler
hose reel
hose trolley
spigot
nozzle
sprinkler
turret sprinkler
spray gun
rain barrel
rain gauge
wood chips
seeds
blossom
pollen
silo
grainery
grain elevator
cheesecloth
cheese curd
dairy
butcher
cellar
canned vegetables
frost
dew
perennial
annual
tulip bulb
rose garden
walled garden
shrubbery

Sports

baseball
basketball
football
soccer
lacrosse
golf
tennis
badminton
swimming
hockey
bat
glove
mitt
hoop
basket
net
goal
cleats
shin guards
pads
jersey
baseball cap
court
racket
pool
referee
coach
team
manager
stadium
arena
referee
guard
forward
pitcher
catcher
offense
defense
goalie
umpire
puck
penalty
disc
frisbee
quarterback
fowl
pitch
tee-off
green
rough
course
field
flag
boundary
out of bounds
clock
period
inning
half
quarter
round
match
set
play (a football play)
line
sponsor
spectator
stands
bleachers
nose-bleed section
admission
season
playoffs
tickets
finals
halftime

Music

piano
clarinet
oboe
bassoon
saxophone
French horn
trumpet
trombone
tuba
flute
percussion
drum
snare
tympani
bell
chimes
harp
synthesizer
instrument sampling
director
symphony
orchestra
band
marching band
parade
color guard
cadence
harmony
melody
counter melody
solo
duet
quartet
march
concerto
composer
tempo
beat
dynamics
volume
drum major
field commander
captain
genre
jazz
blues
pop
rock n’ roll
big band
dixieland
waltz
tango
alternative
boogie woogie
ragtime
classical
baroque
romance
medieval
pentatonic
scale
Major
minor
harmonic

Cyberspace

computer
monitor
tablet
stylus
writing tablet
touchscreen
smartphone
mouse
keyboard
battery
power cord
cable
display
desktop
wallpaper
firmware
software
application (app)
app store
runtime
environment
operating system
kernel
motherboard
integrated circuit
transistor
processor
processor core
central processing unit (CPU)
graphics processing unit (GPU)
random access memory (RAM)
read only memory (ROM)
user account
website
profile page
Internet
web page
homepage
dependency
software stack
markup language
scripting language
cascading style sheet (CSS)
hypertext markup language (HTML)
database
structured query language (SQL)
universal resource identifier (URI) (http://write.pink/vocab)
universal resource locator (URL) (http://write.pink)
web address
texting
global positioning system (GPS)
geolocation
temp file
directory structure
file system
email
web application
blog (weblog)
content management system (CMS)
human resource management (HRM)
customer relations management (CRM)
enterprise resource planning (ERP)
personal information management (PIM)
words per minute (WPM)
social media
multimedia
terminal
command line
console
client
server
client side language
server side language
legacy version
version history
product road map
scope creep
bug report
feature request
install
update
upgrade
beta
security
malware
virus
spyware
cookie
meta data
content
menu
navigation
heading
header
footer
article
post
tag
search engine
web crawler
contacts
share
embed
log
error message
runlevel
priority
foreground
background
radio select
checkbox
dropdown select
text field
encrypt
certificate
session
web browser
desktop application
email client

Hospitality

reservation
checkin
checkout
key deposit
hotel
motel
hostel
resort
bead & breakfast
cruise ship
country club
waiter
waitress
server
maître d’hôtel
concierge
host
butler
bus boy
bell hop
kitchen crew
dish crew
chef
assistant
menu
chef’s surprise
soup of the day
cup of joe
appetizer
soup & salad
main course
side dish
dessert
bread basket
pitcher
order
make ticket
make line
make table
make time
delivery time
serving tray
goblet
water glass
pilsner glass
martini glass
shot glass
wine glass
soda fountain
on tap
deli
deli cut
tip / gratuity
buffet
all you can eat
take out
doggy bag
delivery
refill
silverware
napkin
place setting
cost per plate
guest
linens
dining room
floor
bedding
double bed
queen size bed
king size bed
twin beds
room service
wake up call
bar
bar stool
high boy
bartender
barista
clerk
open shop
close shop
“we’re all out”
first in first out
first in last out
last in first out
cost of sales
five star
three star

Travel

navigation
driving directions
baggage
luggage
carry-on
hand-baggage
check in
checked baggage
baggage claim
ticket
pass
boarding pass
departure
arrival
departure time
travel time
arrival time
estimated time of departure (ETD)
estimated time of arrival (ETA)
delay
on time
commute
journey
embark
boarding
disembark
boarding gate
departure gate
time table
service counter
first class
business class
economy class
premium economy
frequent flier
membership card
priority boarding
priority seating
lounge pass
call button
flotation device
evacuation
instructions
bulkhead
cabin
wings
air pressure
altitude
tunnel
crash landing
splash landing
touchdown
splashdown
turbulence
in-flight meal
in-flight entertainment
airplane mode
stow
dinner tray
reading lamp
climate control
overhead compartment
seat number
isle seat
window seat
dining car
sleeper car
truck stop
weigh station
fuel station
gas station
petrol station
passengers
crew
captain
pilot
copilot
navigator
conductor
flight attendant
helm
deck
terminal
dock
ferry
plane
ship
airline
cruise ship
train
bus
subway
space shuttle
transporter beam
flying saucer
teleportation
warp drive
hyperdrive
hyperspace
supersonic
lightspeed
nautical mile
time zone

Dinning Out

Dress

“dressy”
festive
casual
jeans and tie
dress pants and tie
suit and tie
three piece suit
dress shirt
nice shirt
nice T shirt
old shirt
old T shirt
jeans
nice jeans
rockstar jeans
stone washed jeans
blazer
vest
dress short
nice shorts
jean shorts
skirt
blouse
dress
high heels
dress shoes
slippers
loafers
sandals
sneakers
casual shoes
[sport] shoes
wingtip shoes

Menu

orange soda
grape soda
red soda
cola
Dr. Pepper
lemon lime
root beer
ginger ale
cream soda
bread basket
sub sandwich
fruit platter
cole slaw
burrito
taco
nachos
melon
lemonade
snacks
popcorn
hot dog
chips

Camping

camper
trailer
mobile home
campfire
fire pit
firewood
kindling
starter fluid
charcoal
coals
ashes
marshmallow
s’mores
graham crackers
hot dog roast
hot dog bun
condiments
relish
ketchup
mustard
paper plate
disposable silverware
tin foil
dinner wrap
foil wrapped dinner
grill
barbecue
cookout
roasting stick
campground
toiletries
bath house
dump station
park service
park ranger
national park
state park
county park
city park
recreation
off road vehicle
recreational vehicle
speed boat
water skiing
wake boarding
beach
sand dune
mountain climbing
hiking
walking stick
mosquito net
insect repellent
tent
tarp
AstroTurf
picnic table
lawn chairs
lantern
kerosene
sing-along

Construction

scaffold
nails
hammer
sledgehammer
jackhammer
allen wrench
screws
screwdriver
torques head
Phillips head
straight edge
concrete
flexcrete
cement
mortar
bricks
foundation
chimbney
threshold
partition
fire escape
story
loft
lean-to
foundation
basement
construction crew
construction site
building code
building permit
detour
road construction
earth moving equipment
shovel
rake
bulldozer
backhoe
dumptruck
studds
drywall
log cabin
blueprints
I-beam
welding
molding
trim work
framing
carpeting
tiling
tile floor
grout
trowel
hardhat
work gloves
safety glasses
safety goggles
face mask
plaster
paintbrush
pain roller
paint can
paint can opener
paint thinner
wallpaper
window frame
door frame
hinge
deadbolt lock
electric outlet
breaker switch
breaker box
fuse box
pluming
faucet
pipe
drain
septic tank
septic system
drain field
landscaping
survey crew
land surveying
acre
shelf
awning
tarp
fence
rebar
power grid
power lines
power transformer
electrical pole
wiring
linoleum
formica
veneer
lumber
particle board
plywood
sandpaper
palm sander
belt sander
saw horse
table saw
band saw
jig saw
radial arm saw
drill press
lathe
C-clamp
wood glue
wood putty
wood stain
varnish
lacquer