by Jesse Steele (2018)
Purple does not only highlight vocabulary, but also important patterns. Sometimes, purple draws attention by what it does not highlight as much as by what it does.
Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, Antarctica, North America, South America
Will Dot go to Asia?
No, Dot will not go to Asia.
Will Dot go to Antarctica?
No, Dot will neither go to Asia nor Antarctica.
Will Dot go to Europe?
No, Dot will not go to Europe. He won’t go to Asia or Antarctica either.
Will Dot go to North America?
No, Dot will not go to North America.
So, Dot won’t go to Asia, Antarctica, or Europe. And, he won’t go to North America either?
No, Dot won’t go to any of those continents.
Will Dot go to South America?
South America and North America are also called the Americas. It’s their nickname, together.
Will Dot go to the Americas?
No, Dot won’t go to either of the Americas.
Which continent will Dot go to?
Dot will either go to Africa or Australia. Can you figure out which continent Dot will go to?
I have no idea whether Dot will go to Africa or Australia. I could only guess.
Dot will go Down Under.
Where is Down Under?
Down Under is also a name for Australia! It’s Australia’s nickname.
Australia has a nickname too?
Yes, Australia’s nickname is Down Under.
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Antarctic, Arctic
The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean on Earth!
The Atlantic Ocean is the second-biggest.
The Indian Ocean is the third-biggest. It is just a little smaller than the Atlantic.
The Antarctic Ocean is the smallest ocean on Earth!
The Arctic Ocean is just a little bigger than the Antarctic.
The Arctic and Antarctic Oceans are the icy oceans at the top and bottom of Earth.
The Antarctic is on the bottom because the word is bigger and that makes it heavier. The Antarctic is the biggest word of all the five oceans!
The Pacific Ocean is between the Asia and the Americas. Also Australia because that’s Down Under.
The Atlantic Ocean is between the Americas and Europe and Africa. But, not Australia because that’s Down Under.
The Indian Ocean is next to Africa and India. Some people think it looks like an Indian, but I don’t know because I never met an Indian. It’s also next to Australia because that’s Down Under.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, Ceres, Vesta, Kuiper Belt, solar system, sun, orbit, belt, planet, moon, ring, asteroid
Mercury is the closest planet to the sun.
Pluto is the farthest planet from the sun.
Ceres is a dwarf planet. So is Pluto.
There is an asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
Ceres is among the asteroids between Mars and Jupiter. It orbits the sun amid asteroids!
Jupiter is the largest planet. It is the largest planet in the solar system!
Saturn is the second-largest planet. It is not as big as Jupiter, but it almost is.
Venus is a little smaller than Earth.
Mars is much smaller than Venus.
Mercury is even smaller than Mars!
All the planets orbit the sun.
A moon orbits a planet.
Jupiter has four big moons, but many more smaller moons as well.
Saturn has big, beautiful rings.
Jupiter has a thin ring. Uranus and Neptune also have rings. But, Saturn’s rings are the biggest in the solar system!
Uranus and Neptune are bigger than Earth, but smaller than Saturn. Both of them are blue and both have nice rings.
Uranus’s rings go up and down. And, Uranus is light, light blue.
Uranus is closer to the sun than Neptune and it’s just a little bigger too.
Jupiter’s rings are perfectly flat. They are not easy to see.
Vesta is among the asteroids in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
Vesta is a large asteroid, as big as a dwarf planet like Ceres and Pluto.
Pluto is in the Kuiper Belt.
The Kuiper Belt has asteroids and dwarf planets and more fun things we don’t even know about!
Polaris, Sirius, Betelgeuse, Centauri System, Summer Triangle, Milky Way, star, constellation, galaxy, universe
Polaris is the North Star. It is always in the north and it doesn’t move.
(Well, maybe it moves a little. We can’t see it move, but the teacher can.)
Polaris helps sailors to know where they are going because it doesn’t move. It always points North.
Sirius is the brightest star in the sky!
Orion is a constellation. So is the Summer Triangle.
Pleiades is another constellation, also called the Seven Sisters.
Betelgeuse is Orion’s upper shoulder. It is the brightest star in Orion!
Betelgeuse is bigger than Jupiter’s orbit!
The Summer Triangle has Deneb, Vega, and Altair.
Proxima Centauri is the closest star to Earth.
The Centauri System has Alpha Centauri A, Alpha Centauri B, and Proxima Centauri. It is the closest star system to Earth.
Earth’s galaxy is the Milky Way.
One galaxy has billions of stars!
The universe has billions of galaxies!